Biology

 

USAO's biology curriculum provides the student with both an introduction to and a competency in the study of living organisms and encourages the student to develop the skills of independent and critical thought. It also seeks to provide a flexible program to meet the needs of students wishing to enter any of the numerous careers open to them as biology majors. A student may pursue the Bachelor of Science degree with a major in biology. A minor in biology is also available.

 

Bachelor of Science in Biology

Total hours required: 78-80.

 

Biology Courses (43-44 hours)

 

Courses Title Hours Required (22)

BIOL 1011 General Botany Lab 1

BIOL 1013 General Botany 3

BIOL 1111 General Zoology Lab 1

BIOL 1113 General Zoology 3

BIOL 1222 Biological & Medical Terminology 2

BIOL 3331 General Genetics Lab 1

BIOL 3333 General Genetics 3

BIOL 3511 Cellular & Molecular Biology Lab 1

BIOL 3523 Cellular & Molecular Biology 3

BIOL 3811 Basic Microbiology Lab 1

BIOL 3813 Basic Microbiology 3

 

Elective Course Title Hours Required (21-22)

BIOL 2201 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy Lab 1

BIOL 2203 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy 3

BIOL 2251 Human Anatomy Lab 1

BIOL 2253 Human Anatomy 3

BIOL 2880 Special Topics 1-4

BIOL 2900 Workshop 1-4

BIOL 2990 Tutorial 1-4

BIOL 3104 Principles of Evolution 4

BIOL 3121 Human Physiology Lab 1

BIOL 3123 Human Physiology 3

BIOL 3201 Vertebrate Embryology Lab 1

BIOL 3203 Vertebrate Embryology 3

BIOL 3401 Principles of Ecology Lab 1

BIOL 3403 Principles of Ecology 3

BIOL 3901 Immunology Lab 1

BIOL 3913 Immunology 3

BIOL 4401 Virology Lab 1

BIOL 4403 Virology 3

BIOL 4800 Biological Projects 1-4

BIOL 4900 Workshop 1-4

BIOL 4990 Tutorial 1-4

 

Chemistry Courses (17-18 hours)

 

Courses Title Hours Required (13)

CHEM 1111 Chemistry I Lab 1

CHEM 1113 Chemistry I 3

CHEM 1121 Chemistry II Lab 1

CHEM 1123 Chemistry II 3

CHEM 3302 Organic Chemistry I Lab 2

CHEM 3303 Organic Chemistry I 3

 

Elective Courses Title Hours Required (4-5)

CHEM 3312 Organic Chemistry II Lab 2

CHEM 3313 Organic Chemistry II 3

CHEM 3011 Analytical Chemistry Lab 1

CHEM 3013 Analytical Chemistry 3

CHEM 3211 Biochemistry Lab 1

CHEM 3323 Biochemistry 3

 

Physics Courses (10 hours)

 

Courses Title Hours Required (10)

PHYS 1301 General Physics I Lab 1

PHYS 1401 General Physics II Lab 1

PHYS 2114 General Physics I 4

PHYS 2124 General Physics II 4

 

Mathematics Courses (9 hours)

 

Courses Title Hours Required (9)

MATH 1513 College Algebra 3

MATH 1613 Trigonometry 3

MATH 2203 Elementary Statistics 3

OR

MATH 1743 Calculus & Analytic Geometry I 3

MATH 2203 Elementary Statistics 3

With approval of the advisor and an ACT Math score of 25

 

 

Exit Requirements:

1. Must schedule and satisfactorily complete the exit exam which may include both a written and an oral section. (see

item "d" under general requirements for graduation.)

  1. If transfer students with Associate Degrees require additional upper-level hours for graduation, they may select them from the following:

IDS 3223, IDS 3313, IDS 3323, IDS 4333, IDS 4522, or any other 3000/4000 level courses, and NSCI 2700 or NSCI 2701in all USAO semesters.

 

Minor in Biology

24 hours, including BIOL 1011, BIOL 1013, BIOL 1111, BIOL 1113, plus additional hours of biology to be selected with approval of biology advisor.

 

COURSE LISTINGS in BIOLOGY

 

1011 GENERAL BOTANY LAB

This course will cover the anatomy of plants, reproduction and molecular botany techniques. Co-requisite

BIOL 1013. 1 hour

 

1013 GENERAL BOTANY

Survey of plant kingdom, including algae, fungi, and higher plants with emphasis on structure, life processes, and reproduction of higher plants. 3 hours

 

1111 GENERAL ZOOLOGY LAB

Basic principles of zoology with emphasis on structure and classification in a laboratory setting. Co-requisite BIOL 1113. 1 hour

 

1113 GENERAL ZOOLOGY

Major biological principles and concepts illustrated in struc­ture and function of animals; emphasis is on vertebrate self-regulatory mechanisms and adaptive significance. Three lectures and one 3-hour laboratory per week. 3 hours

 

1222 BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY

Basic biological and medical terms; Greek and Latin origins of commonly used prefixes, roots, and suffixes; and current uses and interpretations of these terms. Two 1-hour lectures and exams per week. 2 hours

 

2201 COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE ANATOMY LAB

Laboratory study and dissection of selected vertebrates. Co-requisite: BIOL 2203. 1 hour

 

2203 COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE ANATOMY

Study of anatomy and evolutionary development of verte­brate organ systems. Three lectures and one 3-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisite: BIOL 1113. 3hours

 

2251 HUMAN ANATOMY LAB

Laboratory study of tissues and organ systems. Co-requisite: 2253. 1 hour

 

2253 HUMAN ANATOMY

Development and gross morphology of the human body and its systems. Three lectures and one 3-hour laboratory per week. 3 hours

 

2880 SPECIAL TOPICS

Special topics in biology. 1-4 hours (may be repeated for total of 6 hours).

 

2900 WORKSHOP

Guided study in biology under faculty supervision. Topics and methods of instruction may vary. 1-4 hours (may be repeated for total of 6 hours with change in title and topic).

 

2990 TUTORIAL

Independent study in biology under faculty supervision. 1-4 hours (may be repeated for total of 9 hours with change in title and content).

3104 PRINCIPLES OF EVOLUTION

Processes of evolution with emphasis on differen­tiation, speciation, natural selection within populations, the nature of species, and evolution above the species level. Four lectures per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 1013 and BIOL 1113. 4 hours

 

3121 HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY LAB

Laboratory study of human physiological systems. Co-requisite: BIOL 3123. 1 hour

 

3123 HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY

Functions of the organ systems of the human body (e.g., circulation, digestion, respiration, excretion, reproduction, nervous, muscular, endocrine) and basic relationships between these systems (e.g., metabolism and homeo­stasis). Three lectures and one 3-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 1113 or BIOL 2253, plus CHEM 1111 and CHEM 1113. 3 hours

 

3201 VERTEBRATE EMBRYOLOGY LAB

Laboratory studies of protochordate, frog, chick, and mammal development. Co-requisite: 3203. 1 hour

 

3203 VERTEBRATE EMBRYOLOGY

Development of the vertebrate body from gamete formation through early organ formation; development of frog, chicken, and pig studied in laboratory. Three lectures and one 3-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 1113 and an anatomy course. 3 hours

 

 

3331 GENERAL GENETICS LAB

This laboratory will investigate principles of genetics using DNA and other organisms such as bacteria, fruit flies

and corn. Co-requisite BIOL3333. 1 hour

 

3333 GENERAL GENETICS

Principles of inheritance at the gene, chromosome, and population levels; nature of genetic material and its involvement in determination of structure and function. Three lectures and one 3-hour laboratory per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 1013, BIOL 1113, one year of general chemistry (biochemistry is also recommended), MATH 1513 and MATH 2203. 3 hours

 

3401 PRINCIPLES OF ECOLOGY LAB

Laboratory and field studies of organisms, populations and ecosystems. Co-requisite: BIOL 3403. 1 hour

 

3403 PRINCIPLES OF ECOLOGY

Relationships of plants, animals, and microorganisms to each other and to their physical environments. Study of succession in different community types. Various sampling techniques discussed and used in laboratory and field work. Three lectures and one 3-hour laboratory per week; field trips required. Prerequisites: BIOL 1013, BIOL 1113, MATH 2203, and 1 year of general chemistry. 3 hours

 

3511 CELLULAR & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY LAB

This course will cover cell molecular techniques such as DNA and protein electrophoresis, chromatography, polymerase chain reaction of student’s DNA, sequencing, cloning in bacteria and cell culture. Laboratory-1 3 hour lab. Co-requisite with BIOL 3523.

 

3523 CELLULAR & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

This course provides a comprehensive overview of the organization and activities of cells, with emphasis on the ultra-structure and function of cellular organelles. Topics to be covered include general cell structure, signal transduction, protein processing, cytoskeletal structures, gene regulation and cell cycle control. Pre-requisites: BIOL 1013 and 1011, BIOL 1113 and 1111, CHEM 3303 and CHEM 3313 or permission of instructor. 3 hours

 

3811 BASIC MICROBIOLOGY LAB

This course will cover the basic techniques for the examination, cultivation and identification of microorganisms. Laboratory-2 1 hour lab. Co-requisite with BIOL 3813.

 

3813 BASIC MICROBIOLOGY

This course is an introduction to microorganisms including the morphology, physiology, genetics, taxonomy, and cultivation of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoans with an emphasis on medically relevant bacteria. Pre-requisites: BIOL 1013 and 1011, BIOL 1113 and 1111, CHEM 1113 and CHEM 1111 or permission of instructor. 3 hours

 

3901 IMMUNOLOGY LAB

This course will cover classical and current immunology techniques such as radial immunodiffusion, Ouchterlony, ELISA, immunoelectrophoresis, and Western Blot analysis. Co-requisite: BIOL 3913. 1 hour

 

3913 IMMUNOLOGY

This course is an extensive overview of the human immune system with topics to include the development of the innate and acquired immunity, complement fixation and disorders of the immune system. Pre-requisites: BIOL 3813 and BIOL 3811, and BIOL 3523 and BIOL 3511. 3 hours

 

4401 VIROLOGY LAB

This course will provide the student with an overview of basic virological methods such as cell culture, plaque assays and virus detection with various techniques. Laboratory-1 3 hour lab. Co-requisite with BIOL 4403.

 

4403 VIROLOGY

This course provides a comprehensive overview of the structure, function, and classification of viruses, and their impact on modern society and the biological world. This course will investigate viruses from nucleic acid replication to capsid assembly to infection of additional cells. Pre-requisites: BIOL 3523 and BIOL 3511 or permission of instructor. 3 hours

 

4800 BIOLOGICAL PROJECTS

Research and seminar projects; may be taken unlimited number of times. 1-3 hours (credit to be arranged by instructor). Prerequisites: 8 hours of biology and permission of instructor.

 

 

4900 WORKSHOP

Related topics and problems in biology. 1-6 hours (may be repeated for total of 9 hours with change in title and content). Prerequisites: 8 hours of biology and permission of instructor.

 

4990 TUTORIAL

Independent study in biology under faculty supervision. 1-4 hours (may be repeated for total of 9 hours with change in title and content). Prerequisites: 8 hours of biology and permission of instructor.