Biology

USAO's biology curriculum provides the student with both an introduction to and a competency in the study of living organisms and encourages the student to develop the skills of independent and critical thought. It also seeks to provide a flexible program to meet the needs of students wishing to enter any of the numerous careers open to them as biology majors. A student may pursue the Bachelor of Science degree with a major in biology. A minor in biology is also available.

Bachelor of Science in Biology

Total hours required:  76-77.

 

Biology Courses (42 hours)

Course                                                    Title                                                               Hours Required (22)         

BIOL 1011                                             General Botany Lab                                                   1

BIOL 1013                                             General Botany                                                         3

BIOL 1111                                             General Zoology Lab                                                  1

BIOL 1113                                             General Zoology                                                        3

BIOL 1222                                             Biological & Medical Terminology                                 2

BIOL 3331                                             General Genetics Lab                                                 1

BIOL 3333                                             General Genetics                                                       3

BIOL 3511                                             Cellular & Molecular Biology Lab                                  1

BIOL 3523                                             Cellular & Molecular Biology                                        3

BIOL 3811                                             Basic Microbiology Lab                                               1

BIOL 3813                                             Basic Microbiology                                                     3

 

Course                                                    Title                                                               Hours Required (20)

BIOL 2201                                             Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy Lab                          1           

BIOL 2203                                             Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy                                3

BIOL 2251                                             Human Anatomy Lab                                                 1

BIOL 2253                                             Human Anatomy                                                       3

BIOL 2880                                             Special Topics                                                           1-4

BIOL 2900                                             Workshop                                                                 1-4

BIOL 2990                                             Tutorial                                                                     1-4

BIOL 3104                                             Principles of Evolution                                                 4

BIOL 3121                                             Human Physiology Lab                                                1

BIOL 3123                                             Human Physiology                                                      3

BIOL 3201                                             Vertebrate Embryology Lab                                          1

BIOL 3203                                             Vertebrate Embryology                                                3

BIOL 3401                                             Principles of Ecology Lab                                             1

BIOL 3403                                             Principles of Ecology                                                   3

BIOL 3901                                             Immunology Lab                                                        1

BIOL 3913                                             Immunology                                                              3

BIOL 4401                                             Virology Lab                                                              1

BIOL 4403                                             Virology                                                                    3

BIOL 4800                                             Biological Projects                                                      1-4

BIOL 4900                                             Workshop                                                                 1-4

BIOL 4990                                             Tutorial                                                                     1-4

 

Chemistry Courses (17-18 hours)          

Course                                                    Title                                                               Hours Required (13)

CHEM 1111                                            Chemistry I Lab                                                          1

CHEM 1113                                            Chemistry I                                                                3

CHEM 1121                                            Chemistry II Lab                                                         1

CHEM 1123                                            Chemistry II                                                               3

CHEM 3302                                            Organic Chemistry I Lab                                              2

CHEM 3303                                            Organic Chemistry I                                                    3

               

Elective Course                                     Title                                                               Hours Required (4-5)

CHEM 3312                                           Organic Chemistry II Lab                                              2           

CHEM 3313                                           Organic Chemistry II                                                    3

CHEM 3011                                           Analytical Chemistry Lab                                               1

CHEM 3013                                           Analytical Chemistry                                                     3

CHEM 3211                                           Biochemistry Lab                                                          1

CHEM 3323                                           Biochemistry                                                                3

 

Physics Courses (8 hours)

Course                                                    Title                                                               Hours Required (8)

PHYS 1301                                            General Physics I Lab                                                    1

PHYS 2113                                            General Physics I                                                          3

PHYS 1401                                            General Physics II Lab                                                   1

PHYS 2123                                            General Physics II                                                         3

               

Mathematics Courses (9 or 6 hours)


Course                                                    Title                                                               Hours Required (9 or 6)

MATH 1513                                            College Algebra                                                            3

MATH 1613                                            Trigonometry                                                               3

MATH 2203                                            Elementary Statistics                                                    3

OR

MATH 1743                                            Calculus & Analytic Geometry I                                      3

MATH 2203                                            Elementary Statistics                                                    3

With approval of the advisor and an ACT Math score of 25

Exit Requirements:

1.  Must schedule and satisfactorily complete the exit exam which may include both a written and an oral section.  (see
     item "d" under graduation requirements.)

2.  If transfer students with Associate Degrees (AA or AS) require additional upper-level hours for graduation, they may
     select them from the following: 

      IDS 3223, IDS 3313, IDS 3323, IDS 4333, IDS 4522, or any other 3000/4000 level courses.

3.  NSCI 2700 or NSCI 2701 must be taken in all USAO fall/spring semesters.

Minor in Biology

24 hours, including BIOL 1011, BIOL 1013, BIOL 1111, BIOL 1113, plus 16 additional hours of biology to be selected with approval of biology advisor.

 

COURSE LISTINGS in BIOLOGY (BIOL)

1011       GENERAL BOTANY LAB
              This course will cover the anatomy of plants, reproduction and molecular botany techniques. Co-requisite
              BIOL 1013. 1 hour

1013       GENERAL BOTANY
              Survey of plant kingdom, including algae, fungi, and higher plants with emphasis on structure, life processes, and
              reproduction of higher plants. 3 hours

1111       GENERAL ZOOLOGY LAB
              Basic principles of zoology with emphasis on structure and classification in a laboratory setting. Co-requisite
              BIOL 1113. 1 hour

1113       GENERAL ZOOLOGY
              Major biological principles and concepts illustrated in struc­ture and function of animals; emphasis is on vertebrate
              self-regulatory mechanisms and adaptive significance. 3 hours

1222       BIOLOGICAL AND MEDICAL TERMINOLOGY
              Basic biological and medical terms; Greek and Latin origins of commonly used prefixes, roots, and suffixes; and
              current uses and interpretations of these terms. 2 hours

2201       COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE ANATOMY LAB
              Laboratory study and dissection of selected vertebrates. Co-requisite: BIOL 2203. 1 hour

2203       COMPARATIVE VERTEBRATE ANATOMY
              Study of anatomy and evolutionary development of verte­brate organ systems. Prerequisite: BIOL 1113. 3 hours

2251       HUMAN ANATOMY LAB
              Laboratory study of tissues and organ systems. Co-requisite: BIOL 2253. 1 hour

2253       HUMAN ANATOMY
              Development and gross morphology of the human body and its systems. 3 hours

2880       SPECIAL TOPICS
              Special topics in biology. 1-4 hours (may be repeated for total of 6 hours).

2900       WORKSHOP
              Guided study in biology under faculty supervision. Topics and methods of instruction may vary. 1-4 hours (may be
              repeated for total of 6 hours with change in title and topic).

2990       TUTORIAL
              Independent study in biology under faculty supervision. 1-4 hours (may be repeated for total of 9 hours with
              change in title and content).

3104       PRINCIPLES OF EVOLUTION
              Processes of evolution with emphasis on differen­tiation, speciation, natural selection within populations, the
              nature of species, and evolution above the species level. Four lectures per week. Prerequisites: BIOL 1013 and
              BIOL 1113. 4 hours

3121       HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY LAB
              Laboratory study of human physiological systems. Co-requisite: BIOL 3123. 1 hour

3123       HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY
              Functions of the organ systems of the human body (e.g., circulation, digestion, respiration, excretion,
              reproduction, nervous, muscular, endocrine) and basic relationships between these systems (e.g., metabolism and
              homeo­stasis). Prerequisites: BIOL 1113 or BIOL 2253, plus CHEM 1111 and CHEM 1113. 3 hours

3201       VERTEBRATE EMBRYOLOGY LAB
              Laboratory studies of protochordate, frog, chick, and mammal development. Co-requisite: BIOL 3203. 1 hour

3203       VERTEBRATE EMBRYOLOGY
              Development of the vertebrate body from gamete formation through early organ formation; development of frog,
              chicken, and pig studied in laboratory. Prerequisites: BIOL 1113 and BIOL 2253. 3 hours

3331       GENERAL GENETICS LAB
              This laboratory will investigate principles of genetics using DNA and other organisms such as bacteria, fruit flies
              and corn. Co-requisite BIOL 3333. 1 hour

3333       GENERAL GENETICS
              Principles of inheritance at the gene, chromosome, and population levels; nature of genetic material and its
              involvement in determination of structure and function. Prerequisites: BIOL 1013, BIOL 1113, one year of general
              chemistry (biochemistry is also recommended), MATH 1513 and MATH 2203. 3 hours

3401       PRINCIPLES OF ECOLOGY LAB
              Laboratory and field studies of organisms, populations and ecosystems; field trips required. Co-requisite:
              BIOL 3403. 1 hour

3403       PRINCIPLES OF ECOLOGY
              Relationships of plants, animals, and microorganisms to each other and to their physical environments. Study of
              succession in different community types. Various sampling techniques discussed and used in laboratory and field
              work. Prerequisites: BIOL 1013, BIOL 1113, MATH 2203, and 1 year of general chemistry. 3 hours

3511       CELLULAR & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY LAB
              This course will cover cell molecular techniques such as DNA and protein electrophoresis, chromatography,
              polymerase chain reaction of student’s DNA, sequencing, cloning in bacteria and cell culture. Co-requisite with
              BIOL 3523. 1 hour

3523       CELLULAR & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY
              This course provides a comprehensive overview of the organization and activities of cells, with emphasis on the
              ultra-structure and function of cellular organelles. Topics to be covered include general cell structure, signal
              transduction, protein processing, cytoskeletal structures, gene regulation and cell cycle control. Pre-requisites:
              BIOL 1013 and 1011, BIOL 1113 and 1111, CHEM 3303 and CHEM 3313 or permission of instructor. 3 hours

3811       BASIC MICROBIOLOGY LAB
              This course will cover the basic techniques for the examination, cultivation and identification of microorganisms. 
              Co-requisite with BIOL 3813. 1 hour

3813       BASIC MICROBIOLOGY
              This course is an introduction to microorganisms including the morphology, physiology, genetics, taxonomy, and
              cultivation of bacteria, viruses, fungi, and protozoans with an emphasis on medically relevant bacteria. 
              Pre-requisites: BIOL 1013 and 1011, BIOL 1113 and 1111, CHEM 1113 and CHEM 1111 or permission of
              instructor. 3 hours

3901       IMMUNOLOGY LAB
              This course will cover classical and current immunology techniques such as radial immunodiffusion, Ouchterlony,
              ELISA, immunoelectrophoresis, and Western Blot analysis. Co-requisite: BIOL 3913. 1 hour

3913       IMMUNOLOGY
              This course is an extensive overview of the human immune system with topics to include the development of the
              innate and acquired immunity, complement fixation and disorders of the immune system. Pre-requisites:
              BIOL 3813 and BIOL 3811, and BIOL 3523 and BIOL 3511 or permission of instructor. 3 hours

4401       VIROLOGY LAB
              This course will provide the student with an overview of basic virological methods such as cell culture, plaque
              assays and virus detection with various techniques. Co-requisite with BIOL 4403. 1 hour

4403       VIROLOGY
              This course provides a comprehensive overview of the structure, function, and classification of viruses, and their
              impact on modern society and the biological world. This course will investigate viruses from nucleic acid
              replication to capsid assembly to infection of additional cells. Pre-requisites: BIOL 3523 and BIOL 3511 or
              permission of instructor. 3 hours

4800       BIOLOGICAL PROJECTS
              Research and seminar projects; may be taken unlimited number of times. 1-3 hours (credit to be arranged by
              instructor). Prerequisites: 8 hours of biology and permission of instructor.

4900       WORKSHOP
              Related topics and problems in biology. 1-6 hours (may be repeated for total of 9 hours with change in title and
              content). Prerequisites: 8 hours of biology and permission of instructor.

4990       TUTORIAL
              Independent study in biology under faculty supervision. 1-4 hours (may be repeated for total of 9 hours with
              change in title and content). Prerequisites: 8 hours of biology and permission of instructor.